American Finance Trust Announces First Quarter 2020 Results

May 6, 2020

NEW YORK, May 6, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- American Finance Trust, Inc. (Nasdaq: AFIN) ("AFIN" or the "Company"), a real estate investment trust focused on acquiring and managing a diversified portfolio of primarily service-oriented1 and traditional retail and distribution related commercial real estate properties in the U.S., announced today its financial and operating results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2020.

American Finance Trust, Inc. logo

First Quarter 2020 Highlights       

  • Revenue increased 4% to $74.6 million as compared to $71.5 million for the first quarter 2019
  • Net loss attributable to common stockholders was $9.2 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $3.2 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the first quarter 2019
  • Cash net operating income ("NOI") grew by 6% to $59.0 million compared to $55.7 million for the first quarter 2019
  • Funds from Operations ("FFO") was $23.7 million, or $0.22 per diluted share compared to $26.8 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, for the first quarter 2019
  • Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO") was $25.2 million, or $0.23 per diluted share, compared to $26.3 million or $0.25 per diluted share in the prior year first quarter
  • Announced a dividend change to be paid beginning in April for the second quarter to $0.21 per share per quarter, or $0.85 per share on an annualized basis, expected to strengthen AFIN's cash flow by $6.8 million per quarter
  • Closed on the acquisition of 31 properties for an aggregate contract purchase price of $90.0 million2 at a 7.4% weighted average cash capitalization rate3 and a weighted-average capitalization rate4 of 8.4%
  • Total multi-tenant occupancy increased to 87.3% from 85.0% year-over-year
  • High quality portfolio with 66% of tenants in single-tenant portfolio and 44% of the top 10 tenants5 in multi-tenant portfolio rated as investment grade or implied investment grade6
  • Annual rent escalators7 averaging 1.3% per year in 80.9% of leases provide contractually embedded rent growth
  • Ample Liquidity8 of $215.0 million after borrowing an additional $153 million under credit facilities in March to enhance financial flexibility in response to COVID-19
  • Collected over 79% of cash rent due in April, including 92% in single tenant portfolio, with rent deferral amendments approved for 4% of the unpaid cash rent, while 16% of lease deferrals are in negotiation (see additional details in April Rents section below)

CEO Comments 

Michael Weil, Chief Executive Officer, commented, "Our first quarter results highlight the strong momentum we had coming into this year. Going forward, we continue to have a high degree of confidence in our long-term outlook, reflecting the resilience and capabilities of our team and the financial strength of our portfolio. I am proud of the focused effort and proactive communications we took in early March to create direct dialog with our tenants in response to the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. This led to tremendous success, as we collected over 79% of the rents due in April during the month, including 97% of the rent payable from the top 20 tenants in our portfolio."

Financial Results         

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

2020

 

2019

Revenue from tenants

 

$

74,564

   

$

71,541

 
         

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

 

$

(9,153)

   

$

(3,227)

 

Net loss per common share (a)

 

$

(0.08)

   

$

(0.03)

 
         

FFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$

23,690

   

$

26,760

 

FFO per common share (a)

 

$

0.22

   

$

0.25

 
         

AFFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$

25,237

   

$

26,303

 

AFFO per common share (a)

 

$

0.23

   

$

0.25

 

 

(a)

All per share data based on 108,364,082 and 106,076,588 diluted weighted-average shares outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Real Estate Portfolio

The Company's portfolio consisted of 848 net lease properties located in 46 states and the District of Columbia and comprised 18.9 million rentable square feet as of March 31, 2020. Portfolio metrics include:

  • 94.7% leased, up from 94.0% at the end of first quarter 2019, with 8.9 years remaining weighted-average lease term9
  • 80.9% of leases have contractual rent increases of 1.3% on average based on annualized straight-line rent10
  • 66% of single-tenant portfolio and 30% of multi-tenant anchor tenants annualized straight-line rent derived from investment grade or implied investment grade tenants
  • 80% retail properties, 11% distribution properties and 9% office properties (based on an annualized straight-line rent)
  • 69% of the retail portfolio focused on either service or experiential retail11 giving the company strong alignment with "e-commerce resistant" real estate
  • Since 2017, dispositions averaged six years of remaining lease term while new acquisitions on average have 16 years remaining on their lease term as we continue to cycle out assets with short remaining lease terms and acquire long-term service-oriented retail assets
  • 2.3% increase in multi-tenant occupancy, year over year

Property Acquisitions

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company acquired 31 properties for an aggregate contract purchase price of $90.0 million at a weighted average capitalization rate of 8.4%. Since 2017, 78% of all acquisitions have been properties leased to service retail tenants12.

Subsequent to March 31, 2020, the Company completed one property acquisition for a contract purchase price of $6.9 million. The Company's acquisition pipeline as of April 15, 2020 includes 34 properties for an aggregate contract purchase price of $37.8 million. There can be no assurance that these acquisitions will be completed on current terms, or at all.

Property Dispositions

The Company sold two properties during the first quarter of 2020 for $3.8 million, of which approximately $1.3 million was used to repay related mortgage debt.

Capital Structure and Liquidity Resources

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had a total borrowing capacity under its credit facility of $522.4 million. Of this amount, $483.1 million was outstanding under this facility as of March 31, 2020 and $39.3 million remained available for future borrowing13. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $175.7 million of cash and cash equivalents. The Company's net debt14 to gross asset value15 was 38.8%, with net debt of $1.6 billion.

The Company's percentage of fixed rate debt was 73.2% as of March 31, 2020. The Company's total combined debt had a weighted-average interest rate cost of 4.2%16, resulting in an interest coverage ratio of 2.8 times17.

Dividend

On March 30, 2020, the Company announced that its Board of Directors approved an annualized dividend of $0.85 per share. The Company pays dividends monthly, and the change went into effect for the dividend which the Company declared in April 2020.

Subsequent Events

Short-term Stockholder Rights Plan

On April 13, 2020 the Company announced that its Board of Directors had approved a short-term stockholder rights plan to protect the long-term interests of the Company due to the substantial volatility in the trading of the Company's Class A common stock that has resulted from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

April Rents18

For the month of April, AFIN collected over 79% of the cash rents that were due across the portfolio, including 97% of the cash rent payable from the top 20 tenants19 in the portfolio and 92% of the cash rent payable in the single tenant portfolio.

Of the April cash rent remaining, rent deferral amendments have been approved for 4% of the unpaid cash rent, while another 16% of rent deferrals are currently in negotiation. The remaining 1% generally represents tenants that have paid partial April cash rent but where the Company has not agreed to, or commenced negotiations regarding, any formal deferral arrangements.

The typical deferral amendment defers payment of approximately 30% of the rent due for 3 months and is repaid within the first half of 2021.

Footnotes/Definitions

Service retail is defined as single-tenant retail properties leased to tenants in the retail banking, restaurant, grocery, pharmacy, gas/convenience, healthcare, and auto services sectors

Represents the contract purchase price and excludes acquisition costs which are capitalized per GAAP.

Cash capitalization rate is a rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the expected, annualized cash rental income during the first year of ownership that the property will generate under its existing lease. Cash capitalization rate is calculated by dividing the annualized cash rental income the property will generate (before debt service and depreciation and after fixed costs and variable costs) and the purchase price of the property. The weighted-average cash capitalization rate is based upon square feet.

Capitalization rate is a rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the expected, annualized straight-line rental income that the property will generate under its existing lease. Capitalization rate is calculated by dividing the annualized straight-lined rental income the property will generate (before debt service and depreciation and after fixed costs and variable costs) and the purchase price of the property. The weighted-average capitalization rate is based upon square feet.

Percentage of single-tenant portfolio tenants and top 10 tenants based on annualized straight-line rent as of March 31, 2020.

As used herein, investment grade includes both actual investment grade ratings of the tenant or guarantor, if available, or implied investment grade. Implied investment grade may include actual ratings of tenant parent, guarantor parent (regardless of whether or not the parent has guaranteed the tenant's obligation under the lease) or by using a proprietary Moody's analytical tool, which generates an implied rating by measuring a company's probability of default. Ratings information is as of March 31, 2020. Single-tenant portfolio tenants are 44.3% actual investment grade rated and 21.5% implied investment grade rate. Anchor tenants in the multi-tenant portfolio are 19.7% actual investment grade rated and 10.6% implied investment grade rated.

Based on annualized straight-line rent as of March 31, 2020. Contractual rent increases include fixed percent or actual increases, or CPI-indexed increases.

Liquidity includes the amount available for future borrowings under the Company's credit facility of $39.3 million and cash and cash equivalents. In accordance with the Company's credit facility, the Company is permitted to pay distributions in an aggregate amount not exceeding 105% of MFFO (as defined in the Company's credit facility) for any applicable period (commencing with the period of two consecutive fiscal quarters ended on September 30, 2019) if, as of the last day of the period, the Company is able to satisfy a maximum leverage ratio after giving effect to the payments and also has a combination of cash, cash equivalents and amounts available for future borrowings under the credit facility of not less than $60.0 million. The Company satisfied these requirements and relied on this exception for all applicable periods (including the period ended March 31, 2020). The Company also expects it will rely on this exception in future periods.

The weighted-average remaining lease term (years) is based on annualized straight-line rent as of March 31, 2020.

10 Annualized straight-line rent is calculated using the most recent available lease terms as of March 31, 2020.

11 Experiential retail is defined as multi-tenant properties leased to tenants in the restaurant, discount retail, entertainment, salon/beauty, and grocery sectors, among others.

12 Based on acquisitions during the period from January 1, 2017 through March 31, 2020 excluding the multi-tenant properties acquired in the American Realty Capital Retail Centers of America, Inc. ("RCA") merger in February 2017. Weighted by annualized straight-line rent as of March 31, 2020.

13 The borrowing capacity and availability for future borrowings under the Company's credit facility is based on the borrowing base thereunder, which is the pool of eligible otherwise unencumbered real estate assets as March 31, 2020.

14 Total debt of $1.8 billion less cash and cash equivalents of $175.7 million as of March 31, 2020. Excludes the effect of deferred financing costs, net, mortgage premiums, net and includes the effect of cash and cash equivalents.

15 Defined as the carrying value of total assets plus accumulated depreciation and amortization as of March 31, 2020.

16 Weighted based on the outstanding principal balance of the debt.

17 The interest coverage ratio is calculated by dividing adjusted EBITDA by cash paid for interest (interest expense less amortization of deferred financing costs, net, and change in accrued interest and amortization of mortgage premiums on borrowings) for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

18 This information may not be indicative of any future period. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's rental revenue for the second quarter of 2020 and thereafter cannot be determined at present. The ultimate impact on our future results of operations and liquidity will depend on the overall length and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, which management is unable to predict. With respect to ongoing negotiations of rent deferrals, there can be no assurance that these negotiations will be successful and will lead to formal rent deferral agreements on favorable terms, or at all. With respect to the other remaining unpaid amounts, there can be no assurance the Company will be successful in its efforts to collect or defer these amounts on a timely basis, or at all.

19 Top 20 tenants based on April cash rents

Webcast and Conference Call

AFIN will host a webcast and call on May 7, 2020 at 11:00 a.m. ET to discuss its financial and operating results. This webcast will be broadcast live over the Internet and can be accessed by all interested parties through the AFIN website, www.americanfinancetrust.com, in the "Investor Relations" section.

Dial-in instructions for the conference call and the replay are outlined below.

To listen to the live call, please go to AFIN's "Investor Relations" section of the website at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register and download any necessary audio software. For those who are not able to listen to the live broadcast, a replay will be available shortly after the call on the AFIN website at www.americanfinancetrust.com.

Live Call
Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-888-317-6003
International Dial-In: 1-412-317-6061
Canada Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-866-605-3851
Participant Elite Entry Number: 4922290

Conference Replay*
Domestic Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-877-344-7529
International Dial-In: 1-412-317-0088
Canada Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-855-669-9658
Conference Number: 10141883

*Available one hour after the end of the conference call through August 7, 2020.

About American Finance Trust, Inc.

American Finance Trust, Inc. (Nasdaq: AFIN) is a publicly traded real estate investment trust listed on the Nasdaq focused on acquiring and managing a diversified portfolio of primarily service-oriented and traditional retail and distribution related commercial real estate properties in the U.S. Additional information about AFIN can be found on its website at www.americanfinancetrust.com.

Supplemental Schedules

The Company will file supplemental information packages with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") to provide additional disclosure and financial information. Once posted, the supplemental package can be found under the "Presentations" tab in the Investor Relations section of AFIN's website at www.americanfinancetrust.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

Important Notice

The statements in this press release that are not historical facts may be forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to be materially different. The words "anticipates," "believes," "expects," "estimates," "projects," "plans," "intends," "may," "will," "would" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside of the Company's control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include the potential adverse effects of the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic, including actions taken to contain or treat COVID-19, on the Company, the Company's tenants and the global economy and financial markets and that any potential future acquisition is subject to market conditions and capital availability and may not be identified or completed on favorable terms, or at all, as well as those risks and uncertainties set forth in the Risk Factors section of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed on February 27, 2020 and all other filings with the SEC after that date, as such risks, uncertainties and other important factors may be updated from time to time in the Company's subsequent reports. Further, forward looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results, unless required to do so by law.

Accounting Treatment of Rent Deferrals

The Company currently anticipates that the majority of the concessions granted to its tenants as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic will be rent deferrals with the original lease term unchanged and collection of deferred rent deemed probable. The Company's revenue recognition policy requires that it must be probable that the Company will collect virtually all of the lease payments due and does not provide for partial reserves, or the ability to assume partial recovery. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the FASB and SEC agreed that for leases where the total lease cash flows will remain substantially the same or less than those after the COVID-19 related effects, companies may choose to forgo the evaluation of the enforceable rights and obligations of the original lease contract as a practical expedient and account for rent concessions as if they were part of the enforceable rights and obligations of the parties under the existing lease contract. As a result, we do not expect rental revenue used to calculate Net Income and Nareit FFO to be significantly impacted by deferrals. In addition, since we currently believe that these amounts are collectible, we would not plan to adjust from AFFO the amounts recognized under GAAP relating to rent deferrals.

Contacts:

Investors and Media:
Email: investorrelations@americanfinancetrust.com
Phone: (866) 902-0063

 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands. except share and per share data)

 
 

March 31,
 2020

 

December 31,
 2019

 

(Unaudited)

   

ASSETS

     

Real estate investments, at cost:

     

Land

$

705,761

   

$

685,889

 

Buildings, fixtures and improvements

2,739,793

   

2,681,485

 

Acquired intangible lease assets

448,642

   

448,175

 

Total real estate investments, at cost

3,894,196

   

3,815,549

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

(554,271)

   

(529,052)

 

  Total real estate investments, net

3,339,925

   

3,286,497

 

Cash and cash equivalents

175,745

   

81,898

 

Restricted cash

18,192

   

17,942

 

Deposits for real estate acquisitions

1,140

   

85

 

Deferred costs, net

16,934

   

17,467

 

Straight-line rent receivable

49,272

   

46,976

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

18,841

   

18,959

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets (including $659 and $503 due from related parties as of
 March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)

20,142

   

19,188

 

Assets held for sale

5,937

   

1,176

 

  Total assets

$

3,646,128

   

$

3,490,188

 
       

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

     

Mortgage notes payable, net

$

1,309,513

   

$

1,310,943

 

Credit facility

483,147

   

333,147

 

Below market lease liabilities, net

82,624

   

84,041

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses (including $473 and $1,153 due to related parties
 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)

53,333

   

26,817

 

Operating lease liabilities

19,305

   

19,318

 

Deferred rent and other liabilities

8,685

   

10,392

 

Dividends payable

3,619

   

3,300

 

Total liabilities

1,960,226

   

1,787,958

 
       

7.50% Series A cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation
 preference $25.00 per share, 8,796,000 shares authorized, 7,719,689 and 6,917,230 issued and
 outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

77

   

69

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 108,475,266 and
 108,475,266 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019,
 respectively

1,085

   

1,085

 

Additional paid-in capital

2,634,953

   

2,615,089

 

Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings

(972,019)

   

(932,912)

 

Total stockholders' equity

1,664,096

   

1,683,331

 

Non-controlling interests

21,806

   

18,899

 

Total equity

1,685,902

   

1,702,230

 

Total liabilities and equity

$

3,646,128

   

$

3,490,188

 

 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 
 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

2020

 

2019

Revenue from tenants

$

74,564

   

$

71,541

 
       

Operating expenses:

     

Asset management fees to related party

6,905

   

6,038

 

Property operating expense

12,282

   

12,836

 

Impairment of real estate investments

   

823

 

Acquisition, transaction and other costs [1]

452

   

854

 

Equity-based compensation [2]

3,211

   

3,021

 

General and administrative

5,328

   

6,061

 

Depreciation and amortization

34,335

   

32,086

 

Total operating expenses

62,513

   

61,719

 

          Operating income before gain on sale of real estate investments

12,051

   

9,822

 

Gain on sale of real estate investments

1,440

   

2,873

 

   Operating income

13,491

   

12,695

 

Other (expense) income:

     

Interest expense

(19,106)

   

(18,440)

 

Other income

72

   

2,545

 

Total other expense, net

(19,034)

   

(15,895)

 

Net loss

(5,543)

   

(3,200)

 

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

9

   

3

 

Preferred stock dividends

(3,619)

   

(30)

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(9,153)

   

$

(3,227)

 
       

Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share:

     

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders — Basic and Diluted

$

(0.08)

   

$

(0.03)

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding — Basic and Diluted

108,364,082

   

106,076,588

 

_______

[1]

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, includes litigation costs related to AFIN's 2017 merger with American Realty Capital - Retail Centers of America, Inc. (the "Merger") of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

[2]

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, includes expense related to the Company's restricted common shares of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

   
   

Three Months Ended March 31,

   

2020

 

2019

Adjusted EBITDA

       

Net loss

 

$

(5,543)

   

$

(3,200)

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

34,335

   

32,086

 

Interest expense

 

19,106

   

18,440

 

Impairment of real estate investments

 

   

823

 

Acquisition, transaction and other costs [1]

 

452

   

854

 

Equity-based compensation [2]

 

3,211

   

3,021

 

Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(1,440)

   

(2,873)

 

Other income

 

(72)

   

(2,545)

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

50,049

   

46,606

 

Asset management fees to related party

 

6,905

   

6,038

 

General and administrative

 

5,328

   

6,061

 

NOI

 

62,282

   

58,705

 

   Amortization of market lease and other intangibles, net

 

(992)

   

(1,839)

 

Straight-line rent

 

(2,265)

   

(1,196)

 

  Cash NOI

 

$

59,025

   

$

55,670

 
         

Cash Paid for Interest:

       

   Interest expense

 

$

19,106

   

$

18,440

 

   Amortization of deferred financing costs, net and change in accrued interest

 

(1,712)

   

(1,329)

 

   Amortization of mortgage discounts and premiums on borrowings

 

560

   

794

 

   Total cash paid for interest

 

$

17,954

   

$

17,905

 

_______

[1]

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, includes litigation costs related to the Merger of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

[2]

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, includes expense related to the Company's restricted common shares of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 
   

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

Three Months
Ended
December 31,

   

2020

 

2019

 

2019

Net loss attributable to common stockholders (in accordance with GAAP)

 

$

(9,153)

   

$

(3,227)

   

$

(4,827)

 

Impairment of real estate investments

 

   

823

   

 

   Depreciation and amortization

 

34,335

   

32,086

   

31,802

 

   Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(1,440)

   

(2,873)

   

(4,519)

 

   Proportionate share of adjustments for non-controlling interest to arrive at FFO

 

(52)

   

(49)

   

(44)

 

FFO attributable to common stockholders

 

23,690

   

26,760

   

22,412

 

   Acquisition, transaction and other costs [1]

 

452

   

854

   

3,022

 

   Litigation cost reimbursements related to the Merger [2]

 

(9)

   

(1,833)

   

(316)

 

   Amortization of market lease and other intangibles, net

 

(992)

   

(1,839)

   

(1,307)

 

   Straight-line rent

 

(2,265)

   

(1,196)

   

(2,847)

 

   Amortization of mortgage premiums on borrowings

 

(560)

   

(794)

   

(1,344)

 

   Equity-based compensation [3]

 

3,211

   

3,021

   

3,211

 

   Amortization of deferred financing costs, net and change in accrued interest

 

1,712

   

1,329

   

2,394

 

   Proportionate share of adjustments for non-controlling interest to arrive at AFFO

 

(2)

   

1

   

(5)

 

AFFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$

25,237

   

$

26,303

   

$

25,220

 

_______

[1]

Primarily includes prepayment costs incurred in connection with early debt extinguishment as well as litigation costs related to the Merger.

[2]

Included in "Other income" in the Company's consolidated statement of operations.

[3]

Includes expense related to the amortization of the Company's restricted common shares and LTIP Units.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release discusses the non-GAAP financial measures we use to evaluate our performance, including Funds from Operations ("FFO"), Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"), Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"), Net Operating Income ("NOI") and Cash Net Operating Income ("Cash NOI"). While NOI is a property-level measure, AFFO is based on our total performance and therefore reflects the impact of other items not specifically associated with NOI such as, interest expense, general and administrative expenses and operating fees to related parties. Additionally, NOI as defined herein, does not reflect an adjustment for straight-line rent but AFFO does. A description of these non-GAAP measures and reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is net income, is provided below. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated to exclude the proportionate share of the non-controlling interest to arrive at FFO, AFFO and NOI attributable to stockholders.

Caution on Use of Non-GAAP Measures

FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA, NOI and Cash NOI should not be construed to be more relevant or accurate than the current GAAP methodology in calculating net income or in its applicability in evaluating our operating performance. The method utilized to evaluate the value and performance of real estate under GAAP should be construed as a more relevant measure of operational performance and considered more prominently than the non-GAAP measures.

Other REITs may not define FFO in accordance with the current National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), an industry trade group, definition (as we do), or may interpret the current NAREIT definition differently than we do, or may calculate AFFO differently than we do. Consequently, our presentation of FFO and AFFO may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures presented by other REITs.

We consider FFO and AFFO useful indicators of our performance. Because FFO and AFFO calculations exclude such factors as depreciation and amortization of real estate assets and gains or losses from sales of operating real estate assets (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar conditions based on historical cost accounting and useful-life estimates), FFO and AFFO presentations facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between other REITs in our peer group.

As a result, we believe that the use of FFO and AFFO, together with the required GAAP presentations, provide a more complete understanding of our performance, including relative to our peers and a more informed and appropriate basis on which to make decisions involving operating, financing, and investing activities. However, FFO and AFFO are not indicative of cash available to fund ongoing cash needs, including the ability to pay cash dividends. Investors are cautioned that FFO and AFFO should only be used to assess the sustainability of our operating performance excluding these activities, as they exclude certain costs that have a negative effect on our operating performance during the periods in which these costs are incurred.

Funds from Operations and Adjusted Funds from Operations

Funds from Operations

Due to certain unique operating characteristics of real estate companies, as discussed below, the NAREIT, an industry trade group, has promulgated a performance measure known as FFO, which we believe to be an appropriate supplemental measure to reflect the operating performance of a REIT. FFO is not equivalent to net income or loss as determined under GAAP.

We calculate FFO, a non-GAAP measure, consistent with the standards established over time by the Board of Governors of NAREIT, as restated in a White Paper and approved by the Board of Governors of NAREIT effective in December 2018 (the "White Paper"). The White Paper defines FFO as net income or loss computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding depreciation and amortization related to real estate, gains and losses from sales of certain real estate assets, gain and losses from change in control and impairment write-downs of certain real estate assets and investments in entities when the impairment is directly attributable to decreases in the value of depreciable real estate held by the entity. Adjustments for consolidated partially-owned entities (including our Operating Partnership) and equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates are made to arrive at our proportionate share of FFO attributable to our stockholders. Our FFO calculation complies with NAREIT's definition.

The historical accounting convention used for real estate assets requires straight-line depreciation of buildings and improvements, and straight-line amortization of intangibles. We believe that, because real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, including inflation, interest rates, unemployment and consumer spending, presentations of operating results for a REIT using historical accounting for depreciation and certain other items may be less informative. Historical accounting for real estate involves the use of GAAP. Any other method of accounting for real estate such as the fair value method cannot be construed to be any more accurate or relevant than the comparable methodologies of real estate valuation found in GAAP. Nevertheless, we believe that the use of FFO, which excludes the impact of real estate related depreciation and amortization, among other things, provides a more complete understanding of our performance to investors and to management, and when compared year over year, reflects the impact on our operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating costs, general and administrative expenses, and interest costs, which may not be immediately apparent from net income.

Adjusted Funds from Operations

In calculating AFFO, we start with FFO, then we exclude certain income or expense items from AFFO that we consider to be more reflective of investing activities, such as fees related to the Listing, non-cash income and expense items and the income and expense effects of other activities that are not a fundamental attribute of our day to day operating business plan, such as amounts related to litigation arising out of the Merger. These amounts include legal costs incurred as a result of the litigation, portions of which have been and may in the future be reimbursed under insurance policies maintained by us. Insurance reimbursements are deducted from AFFO in the period of reimbursement. We believe that excluding the litigation costs and subsequent insurance reimbursements related to litigation arising out of the Merger helps to provide a better understanding of the operating performance of our business. Other income and expense items also include early extinguishment of debt and unrealized gains and losses, which may not ultimately be realized, such as gains or losses on derivative instruments and gains and losses on investments. In addition, by excluding non-cash income and expense items such as amortization of above-market and below-market leases intangibles, amortization of deferred financing costs, straight-line rent, vesting and conversion of the Class B Units and share-based compensation related to restricted shares and the 2018 OPP from AFFO, we believe we provide useful information regarding those income and expense items which have a direct impact on our ongoing operating performance.

In calculating AFFO, we exclude certain expenses which under GAAP are characterized as operating expenses in determining operating net income (loss). All paid and accrued merger, acquisition and transaction related fees and certain other expenses negatively impact our operating performance during the period in which expenses are incurred or properties are acquired will also have negative effects on returns to investors but are not reflective of our on-going performance. Further, under GAAP, certain contemplated non-cash fair value and other non-cash adjustments are considered operating non-cash adjustments to net income (loss). In addition, as discussed above, we view gains and losses from fair value adjustments as items which are unrealized and may not ultimately be realized and not reflective of ongoing operations and are therefore typically adjusted for when assessing operating performance. Excluding income and expense items detailed above from our calculation of AFFO provides information consistent with management's analysis of our operating performance. Additionally, fair value adjustments, which are based on the impact of current market fluctuations and underlying assessments of general market conditions but can also result from operational factors such as rental and occupancy rates, may not be directly related or attributable to our current operating performance. By excluding such changes that may reflect anticipated and unrealized gains or losses, we believe AFFO provides useful supplemental information. By providing AFFO, we believe we are presenting useful information that can be used to better assess the sustainability of our ongoing operating performance without the impact of transactions or other items that are not related to the ongoing performance of our portfolio of properties. AFFO presented by us may not be comparable to AFFO reported by other REITs that define AFFO differently. Furthermore, we believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, AFFO should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) as presented in our consolidated financial statements. AFFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of our liquidity or ability to pay dividends.

Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization, Net Operating Income and Cash Net Operating Income.

We believe that Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization adjusted for acquisition and transaction-related expenses, fees related to the Listing, other non-cash items such as the vesting and conversion of the Class B Units, expense related to our multi-year outperformance agreement with the Advisor and including our pro-rata share from unconsolidated joint ventures, is an appropriate measure of our ability to incur and service debt. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities, as a measure of our liquidity or as an alternative to net income as an indicator of our operating activities. Other REITs may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently and our calculation should not be compared to that of other REITs.

NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure used by us to evaluate the operating performance of our real estate. NOI is equal to total revenues, excluding contingent purchase price consideration, less property operating and maintenance expense. NOI excludes all other items of expense and income included in the financial statements in calculating net income (loss). We believe NOI provides useful and relevant information because it reflects only those income and expense items that are incurred at the property level and presents such items on an unleveraged basis. We use NOI to assess and compare property level performance and to make decisions concerning the operations of the properties. Further, we believe NOI is useful to investors as a performance measure because, when compared across periods, NOI reflects the impact on operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating expenses and acquisition activity on an unleveraged basis, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income (loss). NOI excludes certain items included in calculating net income (loss) in order to provide results that are more closely related to a property's results of operations. For example, interest expense is not necessarily linked to the operating performance of a real estate asset. In addition, depreciation and amortization, because of historical cost accounting and useful life estimates, may distort operating performance at the property level. NOI presented by us may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define NOI differently. We believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, NOI should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) as presented in our consolidated financial statements. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of our liquidity or our ability to pay dividends.

Cash NOI, is a non-GAAP financial measure that is intended to reflect the performance of our properties. We define Cash NOI as NOI excluding amortization of above/below market lease intangibles and straight-line adjustments that are included in GAAP lease revenues. We believe that Cash NOI is a helpful measure that both investors and management can use to evaluate the current financial performance of our properties and it allows for comparison of our operating performance between periods and to other REITs. Cash NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income, as an indication of our financial performance, or to cash flows as a measure of liquidity or our ability to fund all needs. The method by which we calculate and present Cash NOI may not be directly comparable to the way other REITs present Cash NOI.

 

Cision View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/american-finance-trust-announces-first-quarter-2020-results-301054060.html

SOURCE American Finance Trust, Inc.


Search Investor Relations