American Finance Trust Announces Third Quarter 2021 Results

November 3, 2021
Company to Host Investor Conference Call at 11:00 AM ET Tomorrow

NEW YORK, Nov. 3, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- American Finance Trust, Inc. (Nasdaq: AFIN) ("AFIN" or the "Company"), a real estate investment trust focused on acquiring and managing a diversified portfolio of primarily service-oriented and traditional retail and distribution related commercial real estate properties in the U.S., announced today its financial and operating results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2021.

Third Quarter 2021 Highlights        

  • Revenue grew 17.1% to $91.9 million from $78.5 million for the third quarter 2020, inclusive of a $10.4 million lease buyout fee for 12 leases with Truist Bank
  • Net loss attributable to common stockholders was $6.4 million as compared to $7.1 million for the third quarter 2020
  • Cash net operating income ("NOI") grew 37.9% to $75.7 million from $54.9 million for the third quarter 2020
  • Funds from Operations ("FFO") of $30.3 million, or $0.25 per diluted share increased from $25.6 million, or $0.24 per diluted share, for the third quarter 2020
  • Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO") grew 41.4% to $36.0 million1 from $25.5 million, or 30.4% to $0.30 per share from $0.23 per diluted share, in the prior year third quarter
  • Dividends of $25.2 million or $0.21 per share
  • Improved Net Debt to adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA") to 6.8x 2
  • Enhanced balance sheet, with weighted average interest rate of 3.6%, compared to 3.8% and 89.7% of debt fixed-rate versus 83.4% a year ago
  • Collected approximately 100% of original cash rent in third quarter 2021, including 100% in single tenant portfolio, 100% in the multi-tenant portfolio, and 100% among the top 20 tenants3,4
  • Multi-tenant Executed Occupancy5 and Leasing Pipeline6 are expected to add $2.1 million of annualized straight-line rent and 141,000 square feet to the portfolio over time as executed leases commence
  • Completed $86.5 million7 of acquisitions with a cash capitalization rate8 of 8.58% and a weighted average capitalization rate9 of 8.79%
  • Completed 25 multi-tenant lease renewals with a weighted-average new lease term of 5 years
  • High quality portfolio with 58% of tenants in single-tenant portfolio10 and 66% of the top 20 tenants portfolio-wide rated as investment grade or implied investment grade11
  • Annual rent escalators12 with a weighted-average of 1.2% per year provide contractually embedded rent growth

"Our third quarter results reflect the ongoing success of the last year, as we continue to execute on our initiatives to grow earnings and optimize our balance sheet," said Michael Weil, CEO of AFIN. "We grew quarterly AFFO more than 30% year-over-year to $0.30 per share and continued lowering our ratio of Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA, which is now 6.8x down from 8.1x last year. Subsequent to quarter end we also completed a $500 million unsecured corporate notes offering with favorable pricing, along with a recast and upsizing of our corporate credit facility. All of this progress provides additional flexibility to support future growth. During the quarter, we closed on over $86 million in acquisitions and we expect to end the year with over $200 million in acquisitions based on our forward pipeline. Since the fourth quarter of last year, we have increased revenue by 19%, grown cash NOI by 29% and increased AFFO per share while successfully navigating the pandemic, increasing occupancy in our multi-tenant portfolio, and enhancing both our team and our world-class portfolio."

Financial Results               

   

Three Months Ended September 30,

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

2021

 

2020

Revenue from tenants

 

$

91,915

   

$

78,489

 
         

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

 

$

(6,406)

   

$

(7,091)

 

Net loss per common share (a)

 

$

(0.06)

   

$

(0.07)

 
         

FFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$

30,282

   

$

25,631

 

FFO per common share (a)

 

$

0.25

   

$

0.24

 
         

AFFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$

36,005

   

$

25,465

 

AFFO per common share (a)

 

$

0.30

   

$

0.23

 
   

(a)

All per share data based on 118,862,852 and 108,429,315 diluted weighted-average shares outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Real Estate Portfolio

The Company's portfolio consisted of 968 net lease properties located in 47 states and the District of Columbia and comprised 20.1 million rentable square feet as of September 30, 2021. Portfolio metrics include:

  • 93.2% leased, with 8.7 years remaining weighted-average lease term13
  • 77.5% of leases have weighted-average contractual rent increases of 1.2% based on annualized straight-line rent
  • 58% of single-tenant portfolio and 31% of multi-tenant anchor tenants annualized straight-line rent derived from investment grade or implied investment grade tenants
  • 82% retail properties, 11% distribution properties and 7% office properties (based on an annualized straight-line rent)
  • 71% of the retail portfolio focused on either service14 or experiential retail15 giving the Company strong alignment with "e-commerce resistant" real estate

Property Acquisitions

During the three months ended September 30, 2021, the Company acquired 32 properties for an aggregate contract purchase price of $86.5 million at a weighted average capitalization rate of 8.79%.

Property Dispositions

During the three months ended September 30, 2021, the Company disposed of three properties, for an aggregate contract price of $3.0 million. Further, as of October 31, 2021, the Company has executed eight PSAs to sell an additional eight properties for an aggregate contract price of $16.0 million and three LOIs to dispose of three properties for $2.2 million.

Capital Structure and Liquidity Resources

As of September 30, 2021 the Company had a total borrowing capacity under the credit facility of $494.1 million based on the value of the borrowing base under the credit facility, and, of this amount, $186.2 million was outstanding under the credit facility as of September 30, 2021 and $307.9 million remained available for future borrowings. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $99.0 million of cash and cash equivalents. The Company's net debt16 to gross asset value17 was 38.9%, with net debt of $1.7 billion.

The Company's percentage of fixed rate debt was 89.7% as of September 30, 2021. The Company's total combined debt had a weighted-average interest rate cost of 3.6%18, resulting in an interest coverage ratio of 3.6 times19.

Rent Collection Update

Third Quarter of 2021

For the third quarter of 2021, AFIN collected approximately 100% of the original cash rents that were due across the portfolio, including 100% of the original cash rent payable from the top 20 tenants in the portfolio (based on the total of third quarter original cash rent due across our portfolio) and 100% of the original cash rent payable in the single tenant portfolio and 100% of the original cash rent payable in the multi-tenant portfolio. Cash rent collected includes both contractual rents and deferred rents paid during the period4.

Footnotes/Definitions

1

Inclusive of a $10.4 million lease buyout fee recorded during the quarter even though cash was received after the end of the quarter

2

Represents ratio of net debt as of a particular date, to the Company's calculation of its Adjusted EBITDA multiplied by four for the three months ended on that date. Annualized results include termination fee income of $10.4 million which was recorded in the third quarter of 2021. For the third quarter 2021, net debt represents total debt of $1.8 billion less cash and cash equivalents of $99.0 million as of September 30, 2021.

3

We calculate "original cash rent collections" by comparing original cash rent due under our lease agreements to the total amount of rent collected during the period, which includes both original cash rent due and payments of amounts deferred from prior periods. Eliminating the impact of deferred rent paid, we collected 99% of original cash rent due in the single-tenant portfolio, 97% of original cash rent due in the multi-tenant portfolio, 99% of original cash rent due in the total portfolio. Top 20 tenants based on third quarter 2021 original cash rent due. This information may not be indicative of future periods.    

4

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's future results of operations and liquidity will depend on the overall length and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, which management is unable to predict.

5

Includes occupancy, measured by the percentage of square footage of which the tenant has taken possession of divided by the respective total rentable square feet, as of a particular date as well as all leases fully executed by both parties as of the same date where the tenant has yet to take possession as of such date. For the third quarter of 2021 and as of October 31, 2021, there are 15 additional leases executed where rent commences over time between the fourth quarter of 2021 and the first quarter of 2022 totaling approximately 122,000 square feet. For the fourth quarter of 2020 and as of January 31, 2021, there were four additional leases executed where rent commences over time between the first quarter of 2021 and the third quarter of 2021 totaling approximately 34,000 square feet.

6

For the third quarter of 2021, includes (i) all leases fully executed by both parties as of October 31, 2021, but after September 30, 2021 and (ii) all leases under negotiation with an executed letter of intent ("LOI") by both parties as of October 31, 2021. This represents 15 executed leases totaling approximately 122,000 square feet and six LOIs totaling approximately 19,000 square feet. No lease terminations occurred during this period. There can be no assurance that LOIs will lead to definitive leases that will commence on their current terms, or at all. Leasing pipeline should not be considered an indication of future performance. For the fourth quarter of 2020, includes (i) all leases fully executed by both parties as of January 31, 2021, but after December 31, 2020 and (ii) all leases under negotiation with an executed LOI by both parties as of January 31, 2021. This represents six new leases totaling approximately 220,000 square feet, net of one lease termination for 5,000 square feet during this period.

7

Represents the contract purchase price and excludes acquisition costs which are capitalized per GAAP.

8

Cash capitalization rate is a rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the expected, annualized cash rental income during the first year of ownership that the property will generate under its existing lease or leases. Cash capitalization rate is calculated by dividing this annualized cash rental income the property will generate (before debt service and depreciation and after fixed costs and variable costs) by the purchase price of the property. excluding acquisition costs. The weighted-average cash capitalization rate is based upon square feet.

Capitalization rate is a rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the expected, annualized straight-line rental income that the property will generate under its existing lease or leases. Capitalization rate is calculated by dividing the annualized straight-lined rental income the property will generate (before debt service and depreciation and after fixed costs and variable costs) by the purchase price of the property, excluding acquisition costs. The weighted-average capitalization rate is based upon square feet.

10

Percentage of single-tenant portfolio tenants based on annualized straight-line rent as of September 30, 2021.

11

As used herein, investment grade includes both actual investment grade ratings of the tenant or guarantor, if available, or implied investment grade. Implied investment grade may include actual ratings of tenant parent, guarantor parent (regardless of whether or not the parent has guaranteed the tenant's obligation under the lease) or by using a proprietary Moody's analytical tool, which generates an implied rating by measuring a company's probability of default. The term "parent" for these purposes includes any entity, including any governmental entity, owning more than 50% of the voting stock in a tenant. Ratings information is as of September 30, 2021. Based on annualized straight-line rent as of September 30, 2021, single-tenant portfolio tenants are 46.4% actual investment grade rated and 11.8% implied investment grade rated, top 20 tenants are 57% actual investment-grade rated and 9% implied investment-grade rated and anchor tenants in the multi-tenant portfolio are 21.6% actual investment grade rated and 9.4% implied investment grade rated.

12

Contractual rent increases include fixed percent or actual increases, or CPI-indexed increases.

13

The weighted-average is based on annualized straight-line rent as of September 30, 2021

14

Service retail is defined as single-tenant retail properties leased to tenants in the retail banking, restaurant, grocery, pharmacy, gas/convenience, healthcare, and auto services sectors

15

Experiential retail is defined as multi-tenant properties leased to tenants in the restaurant, discount retail, entertainment, salon/beauty, and grocery sectors, among others. The Company also refers to experiential retail as e-commerce defensive retail.

16

Total debt of $1.8 billion less cash and cash equivalents of $99.0 million as of September 30, 2021. Excludes the effect of deferred financing costs, net, mortgage premiums, net and includes the effect of cash and cash equivalents.

17

Defined as the carrying value of total assets plus accumulated depreciation and amortization as of September 30, 2021.

18

Weighted based on the outstanding principal balance of the debt.

19

The interest coverage ratio is calculated by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by cash paid for interest (interest expense less amortization of deferred financing costs, net, and change in accrued interest and amortization of mortgage premiums on borrowings) for the quarter ended September 30, 2021. Adjusted EBITDA includes termination fee income of  $10.4 million which was recorded in the third quarter of 2021.

Webcast and Conference Call

AFIN will host a webcast and call on November 4, 2021 at 11:00 a.m. ET to discuss its financial and operating results. This webcast will be broadcast live over the Internet and can be accessed by all interested parties through the AFIN website, www.americanfinancetrust.com, in the "Investor Relations" section.

Dial-in instructions for the conference call and the replay are outlined below.

To listen to the live call, please go to AFIN's "Investor Relations" section of the website at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register and download any necessary audio software. For those who are not able to listen to the live broadcast, a replay will be available shortly after the call on the AFIN website at www.americanfinancetrust.com.

Live Call
Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-877-407-0792
International Dial-In: 1-201-689-8263

Conference Replay*
Domestic Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-844-512-2921
International Dial-In: 1-412-317-6671
Conference Number: 13724121
*Available from 2:00 p.m. ET on November 4, 2021 through February 4, 2022.

About American Finance Trust, Inc.

American Finance Trust, Inc. (Nasdaq: AFIN) is a publicly traded real estate investment trust listed on the Nasdaq focused on acquiring and managing a diversified portfolio of primarily service-oriented and traditional retail and distribution related commercial real estate properties in the U.S. Additional information about AFIN can be found on its website at www.americanfinancetrust.com.  

Supplemental Schedules

The Company will file supplemental information packages with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") to provide additional disclosure and financial information. Once posted, the supplemental package can be found under the "Presentations" tab in the Investor Relations section of AFIN's website at www.americanfinancetrust.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

Important Notice

The statements in this press release that are not historical facts may be forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to be materially different. The words "anticipates," "believes," "expects," "estimates," "projects," "plans," "intends," "may," "will," "would" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside of the Company's control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include the potential adverse effects of the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic, including actions taken to contain or treat COVID-19, on the Company, the Company's tenants and the global economy and financial markets and that any potential future acquisition is subject to market conditions and capital availability and may not be identified or completed on favorable terms, or at all, as well as those risks and uncertainties set forth in the Risk Factors section of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed on February 25, 2021 and all other filings with the SEC after that date, as such risks, uncertainties and other important factors may be updated from time to time in the Company's subsequent reports. Further, forward looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results, unless required to do so by law.

Accounting Treatment of Rent Deferrals/Abatements  

The majority of the concessions granted to the Company's tenants as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic are rent deferrals or temporary rent abatements with the original lease term unchanged and collection of deferred rent deemed probable. The Company's revenue recognition policy requires that it must be probable that the Company will collect virtually all of the lease payments due and does not provide for partial reserves, or the ability to assume partial recovery. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the FASB and SEC agreed that for leases where the total lease cash flows will remain substantially the same or less than those after the COVID-19 related effects, companies may choose to forgo the evaluation of the enforceable rights and obligations of the original lease contract as a practical expedient and account for rent concessions as if they were part of the enforceable rights and obligations of the parties under the existing lease contract. As a result, rental revenue used to calculate Net Income and NAREIT FFO has not been, and the Company does not expect it to be, significantly impacted by these types of deferrals. In addition, since the Company currently believes that these deferral amounts are collectable, they have been excluded from the increase in straight-line rent for AFFO purposes the amounts recognized under GAAP relating to these types of rent deferrals. Conversely, for abatements where contractual rent has been reduced, the reduction in revenue is reflected over the remaining lease term for accounting purposes but represents a permanent reduction in revenue and the Company has, accordingly, reduced its AFFO.

Contacts:
Investors and Media:
Email: investorrelations@americanfinancetrust.com
Phone: (866) 902-0063

 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands. except share and per share data)

 
 

September 30,
2021

 

December 31,
2020

 

(Unaudited)

   

ASSETS

     

Real estate investments, at cost:

     

Land

$

746,355

   

$

723,316

 

Buildings, fixtures and improvements

2,943,693

   

2,830,508

 

Acquired intangible lease assets

462,378

   

454,245

 

Total real estate investments, at cost

4,152,426

   

4,008,069

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

(723,792)

   

(639,367)

 

Total real estate investments, net

3,428,634

   

3,368,702

 

Cash and cash equivalents

98,989

   

102,860

 

Restricted cash

15,863

   

10,537

 

Deposits for real estate acquisitions

752

   

137

 

Derivative assets, at fair vale

2,028

   

 

Deferred costs, net

17,216

   

16,663

 

Straight-line rent receivable

71,370

   

66,581

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

18,318

   

18,546

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets (including $140 and $1,939 due from related parties as of
September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)

41,998

   

23,941

 

Assets held for sale

   

 

Total assets

$

3,695,168

   

$

3,607,967

 
       

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

     

Mortgage notes payable, net

$

1,587,462

   

$

1,490,798

 

Credit facility

186,242

   

280,857

 

Below market lease liabilities, net

79,809

   

78,674

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses (including $3,404 and $273 due to related parties as of
September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)

33,256

   

25,210

 

Operating lease liabilities

19,209

   

19,237

 

Derivative liabilities, at fair value

   

123

 

Deferred rent and other liabilities

9,976

   

9,794

 

Dividends payable

6,000

   

3,675

 

Total liabilities

1,921,954

   

1,908,368

 
       

7.50% Series A cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation
preference $25.00 per share, 12,796,000 and 8,796,000 shares authorized, 7,933,711 and
7,842,008 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

79

   

79

 

7.375% Series C cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation
preference $25.00 per share, 11,536,000 and 3,680,000 shares authorized, 4,594,498 and
3,535,700 issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

46

   

35

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 123,506,474 and
108,837,209 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020,
respectively

1,235

   

1,088

 

Additional paid-in capital

2,913,276

   

2,723,678

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

2,028

   

(123)

 

Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings

(1,150,789)

   

(1,055,680)

 

Total stockholders' equity

1,765,875

   

1,669,077

 

Non-controlling interests

7,339

   

30,522

 

Total equity

1,773,214

   

1,699,599

 

Total liabilities and equity

$

3,695,168

   

$

3,607,967

 
 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 
 

Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

2021

 

2020

Revenue from tenants

$

91,915

   

$

78,489

 
       

Operating expenses:

     

Asset management fees to related party

9,880

   

6,918

 

Property operating expense

13,384

   

14,226

 

Impairment of real estate investments

4,554

   

 

Acquisition, transaction and other costs [1]

3,426

   

1,507

 

Equity-based compensation [2]

4,149

   

3,235

 

General and administrative

5,589

   

3,312

 

Depreciation and amortization

32,762

   

34,951

 

Total operating expenses

73,744

   

64,149

 

          Operating income before gain on sale of real estate investments

18,171

   

14,340

 

Gain on sale of real estate investments

478

   

2,178

 

   Operating income

18,649

   

16,518

 

Other (expense) income:

     

Interest expense

(19,232)

   

(20,871)

 

Other income

18

   

871

 

Total other expense, net

(19,214)

   

(20,000)

 

Net loss

(565)

   

(3,482)

 

Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests

(4)

   

10

 

Allocation for preferred stock

(5,837)

   

(3,619)

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(6,406)

   

$

(7,091)

 
       

Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share:

     

Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders — Basic and Diluted

$

(0.06)

   

$

(0.07)

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding — Basic and Diluted

118,862,852

   

108,429,315

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding — Diluted

118,862,852

   

108,429,315

 
 

______

   

[1]

For the three months ended September 30, 2020, includes litigation costs related to AFIN's 2017 merger with American Realty Capital - Retail  Centers of America, Inc. (the "Merger") of $0.2 million. Litigation costs related to the Merger incurred in the three months ended September 30, 2021 were not significant.

[2]

For the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, includes expense related to the Company's restricted common shares of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

 

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 
   

Three Months Ended
September 30,

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

   

2021

 

2020

 

2021

Adjusted EBITDA

           

Net loss

 

$

(565)

   

$

(3,482)

   

$

(1,482)

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

32,762

   

34,951

   

32,428

 

Interest expense

 

19,232

   

20,871

   

20,361

 

Impairment of real estate investments

 

4,554

   

   

91

 

Acquisition, transaction and other costs [1]

 

3,426

   

1,507

   

136

 

Equity-based compensation [2]

 

4,149

   

3,235

   

5,283

 

Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(478)

   

(2,178)

   

(11)

 

Other income

 

(18)

   

(871)

   

(20)

 

Loss on non-designated derivatives

 

   

   

 

Adjusted EBITDA [3]

 

63,062

   

54,033

   

56,786

 

Asset management fees to related party

 

9,880

   

6,918

   

7,922

 

General and administrative

 

5,589

   

3,312

   

3,540

 

NOI [3]

 

78,531

   

64,263

   

68,248

 

   Amortization of market lease and other intangibles, net

 

(1,474)

   

(1,652)

   

(1,041)

 

Straight-line rent

 

(1,392)

   

(7,743)

   

(1,759)

 

  Cash NOI [3]

 

$

75,665

   

$

54,868

   

$

65,448

 
             

Cash Paid for Interest:

           

   Interest expense

 

$

19,232

   

$

20,871

   

20,361

 

   Amortization of deferred financing costs, net and change in accrued interest

 

(2,192)

   

(2,782)

   

(2,361)

 

   Amortization of mortgage premiums and (discounts) on borrowings, net

 

328

   

521

   

323

 

   Total cash paid for interest

 

$

17,368

   

$

18,610

   

18,323

 
 

______

   

[1]

For the three months ended September 30, 2020 includes litigation costs related to the Merger of $0.2 million. Litigation costs related to the Merger incurred in the three months ended September 30, 2021 were not significant.

[2]

For the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, includes expense related to the Company's restricted common shares of $0.3 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

[3]

For the three months ended September 30, 2021 includes income from a lease termination fee of $10.4 million, which is recorded in Revenue from tenants in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

American Finance Trust, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 
   

Three Months Ended
September 30,

   

2021

 

2020

Net loss attributable to common stockholders (in accordance with GAAP)

 

$

(6,406)

   

$

(7,091)

 

Impairment of real estate investments

 

4,554

   

 

   Depreciation and amortization

 

32,762

   

34,951

 

   Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(478)

   

(2,178)

 

   Proportionate share of adjustments for non-controlling interest to arrive at FFO

 

(150)

   

(51)

 

FFO attributable to common stockholders [1]

 

30,282

   

25,631

 

   Acquisition, transaction and other costs [2]

 

3,426

   

1,507

 

   Legal fees and expenses — COVID-19 lease disputes [3]

 

44

   

16

 

   Amortization of market lease and other intangibles, net

 

(1,474)

   

(1,652)

 

   Straight-line rent

 

(1,392)

   

(7,743)

 

   Straight-line rent (rent deferral agreements) [4]

 

(876)

   

2,209

 

   Amortization of mortgage (premiums) and discounts on borrowings, net

 

(328)

   

(521)

 

   Equity-based compensation [5]

 

4,149

   

3,235

 

   Amortization of deferred financing costs, net and change in accrued interest

 

2,192

   

2,782

 

   Proportionate share of adjustments for non-controlling interest to arrive at AFFO

 

(18)

   

1

 

AFFO attributable to common stockholders [1]

 

$

36,005

   

$

25,465

 
   

______

 

[1]

FFO and AFFO for the three months ended September 30, 2021 includes income from a lease termination fee of $10.4 million, which is recorded in Revenue from tenants in the consolidated statements of operations. While such termination payments occur infrequently, they represent cash income for accounting and tax purposes and as such management believes they should be included in both FFO and AFFO. The income from this termination fee was  earned and recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2021, however, we did not receive the cash payment until October 1, 2021. Therefore, the cash payment is not part of our cash flows for the period ended September 30, 2021.

[2] 

Primarily includes prepayment costs incurred in connection with early debt extinguishment as well as litigation costs related to the Merger.

[3] 

Reflects legal costs incurred related to disputes with tenants due to store closures or other challenges resulting from COVID-19. The tenants involved in these disputes had not recently defaulted on their rent and, prior to the second and third quarters of 2020, had recently exhibited a pattern of regular payment. Based on the tenants involved in these matters, their history of rent payments, and the impact of the pandemic on current economic conditions, the Company views these costs as COVID-19-related and separable from our ordinary general and administrative expenses related to tenant defaults. The Company engaged counsel in connection with these issues separate and distinct from counsel the Company typically engages for tenant defaults. The amount reflects what the Company believes to be only those incremental legal costs above what the Company typically incurs for tenant-related dispute issues. The Company may continue to incur these COVID-19 related legal costs in the future.

[4]

Represents amounts related to deferred rent pursuant to lease negotiations which qualify for FASB relief for which rent was deferred but not reduced. These amounts are included in the straight-line rent receivable on the Company's consolidated balance sheet but are considered to be earned revenue attributed to the current period for rent that was deferred for purposes of AFFO as they are expected to be collected. Accordingly, when the deferred amounts are collected, the amounts reduce AFFO. For rent abatements (including those qualified for FASB relief), where contractual rent has been reduced, the reduction in revenue is reflected over the remaining lease term for accounting purposes but represents a permanent reduction in revenue and the Company has, accordingly reduced its AFFO.

[5] 

Includes expense related to the amortization of the Company's restricted common shares and LTIP Units related to its multi-year outperformance agreements for all periods presented.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release discusses the non-GAAP financial measures we use to evaluate our performance, including Funds from Operations ("FFO"), Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"), Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"), Net Operating Income ("NOI") and Cash Net Operating Income ("Cash NOI"). While NOI is a property-level measure, AFFO is based on our total performance and therefore reflects the impact of other items not specifically associated with NOI such as, interest expense, general and administrative expenses and operating fees to related parties. Additionally, NOI as defined herein, does not reflect an adjustment for straight-line rent but AFFO does. A description of these non-GAAP measures and reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is net income, is provided below. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated to exclude the proportionate share of the non-controlling interest to arrive at FFO, AFFO and NOI attributable to stockholders.

Caution on Use of Non-GAAP Measures

FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA, NOI and Cash NOI should not be construed to be more relevant or accurate than the current GAAP methodology in calculating net income or in its applicability in evaluating our operating performance. The method utilized to evaluate the value and performance of real estate under GAAP should be construed as a more relevant measure of operational performance and considered more prominently than the non-GAAP measures.

Other REITs may not define FFO in accordance with the current National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), an industry trade group, definition (as we do), or may interpret the current NAREIT definition differently than we do, or may calculate AFFO differently than we do. Consequently, our presentation of FFO and AFFO may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures presented by other REITs.

We consider FFO and AFFO useful indicators of our performance. Because FFO and AFFO calculations exclude such factors as depreciation and amortization of real estate assets and gains or losses from sales of operating real estate assets (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar conditions based on historical cost accounting and useful-life estimates), FFO and AFFO presentations facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between other REITs in our peer group.

As a result, we believe that the use of FFO and AFFO, together with the required GAAP presentations, provide a more complete understanding of our performance, including relative to our peers and a more informed and appropriate basis on which to make decisions involving operating, financing, and investing activities. However, FFO and AFFO are not indicative of cash available to fund ongoing cash needs, including the ability to pay cash dividends. Investors are cautioned that FFO and AFFO should only be used to assess the sustainability of our operating performance excluding these activities, as they exclude certain costs that have a negative effect on our operating performance during the periods in which these costs are incurred.

Funds from Operations and Adjusted Funds from Operations

Funds from Operations

Due to certain unique operating characteristics of real estate companies, as discussed below, the NAREIT, an industry trade group, has promulgated a performance measure known as FFO, which we believe to be an appropriate supplemental measure to reflect the operating performance of a REIT. FFO is not equivalent to net income or loss as determined under GAAP.

We calculate FFO, a non-GAAP measure, consistent with the standards established over time by the Board of Governors of NAREIT, as restated in a White Paper and approved by the Board of Governors of NAREIT effective in December 2018 (the "White Paper"). The White Paper defines FFO as net income or loss computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding depreciation and amortization related to real estate, gains and losses from sales of certain real estate assets, gain and losses from change in control and impairment write-downs of certain real estate assets and investments in entities when the impairment is directly attributable to decreases in the value of depreciable real estate held by the entity. Adjustments for consolidated partially-owned entities (including our Operating Partnership) and equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates are made to arrive at our proportionate share of FFO attributable to our stockholders. Our FFO calculation complies with NAREIT's definition.

The historical accounting convention used for real estate assets requires straight-line depreciation of buildings and improvements, and straight-line amortization of intangibles. We believe that, because real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, including inflation, interest rates, unemployment and consumer spending, presentations of operating results for a REIT using historical accounting for depreciation and certain other items may be less informative. Historical accounting for real estate involves the use of GAAP. Any other method of accounting for real estate such as the fair value method cannot be construed to be any more accurate or relevant than the comparable methodologies of real estate valuation found in GAAP. Nevertheless, we believe that the use of FFO, which excludes the impact of real estate related depreciation and amortization, among other things, provides a more complete understanding of our performance to investors and to management, and when compared year over year, reflects the impact on our operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating costs, general and administrative expenses, and interest costs, which may not be immediately apparent from net income.

Adjusted Funds from Operations

In calculating AFFO, we start with FFO, then we exclude certain income or expense items from AFFO that we consider to be more reflective of investing activities, such as non-cash income and expense items and the income and expense effects of other activities that are not a fundamental attribute of our day to day operating business plan, such as amounts related to litigation arising out of the Merger. These amounts include legal costs incurred as a result of the litigation, portions of which have been and may in the future be reimbursed under insurance policies maintained by us. Insurance reimbursements are deducted from AFFO in the period of reimbursement. We believe that excluding the litigation costs and subsequent insurance reimbursements related to litigation arising out of the Merger helps to provide a better understanding of the operating performance of our business. Other income and expense items also include early extinguishment of debt and unrealized gains and losses, which may not ultimately be realized, such as gains or losses on derivative instruments and gains and losses on investments. In addition, by excluding non-cash income and expense items such as amortization of above-market and below-market leases intangibles, amortization of deferred financing costs, straight-line rent, vesting and conversion of the Class B Units and share-based compensation related to restricted shares and the 2018 OPP from AFFO, we believe we provide useful information regarding those income and expense items which have a direct impact on our ongoing operating performance.

In calculating AFFO, we exclude certain expenses which under GAAP are characterized as operating expenses in determining operating net income (loss). All paid and accrued merger, acquisition and transaction related fees and certain other expenses negatively impact our operating performance during the period in which expenses are incurred or properties are acquired will also have negative effects on returns to investors but are not reflective of our on-going performance. In addition, legal fees and expense associated with COVID-19-related lease disputes involving certain tenants negatively impact our operating performance but are not reflective of our on-going performance. Further, under GAAP, certain contemplated non-cash fair value and other non-cash adjustments are considered operating non-cash adjustments to net income (loss). In addition, as discussed above, we view gains and losses from fair value adjustments as items which are unrealized and may not ultimately be realized and not reflective of ongoing operations and are therefore typically adjusted for when assessing operating performance. Excluding income and expense items detailed above from our calculation of AFFO provides information consistent with management's analysis of our operating performance. Additionally, fair value adjustments, which are based on the impact of current market fluctuations and underlying assessments of general market conditions but can also result from operational factors such as rental and occupancy rates, may not be directly related or attributable to our current operating performance. By excluding such changes that may reflect anticipated and unrealized gains or losses, we believe AFFO provides useful supplemental information. By providing AFFO, we believe we are presenting useful information that can be used, among other things, to assess performance without the impact of transactions or other items that are not related to our portfolio of properties. AFFO presented by us may not be comparable to AFFO reported by other REITs that define AFFO differently. Furthermore, we believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, AFFO should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) as presented in our consolidated financial statements. AFFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of our liquidity or ability to pay dividends. FFO and AFFO for the three months ended September 30, 2021 includes income from a lease termination fee of $10.4 million, which is recorded in revenue from tenants in the consolidated statements of operations. While such termination payments occur infrequently, they represent cash income for accounting and tax purposes and as such management believes they should be included in both FFO and AFFO. The income from this termination fee was earned and recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2021, however, we did not receive the cash payment until October 1, 2021. Therefore, the cash payment is not part of our cash flows for the period ended September 30, 2021.

Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization, Net Operating Income and Cash Net Operating Income.

We believe that Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization adjusted for acquisition and transaction-related expenses, other non-cash items such as the vesting and conversion of the Class B Units, expense related to our multi-year outperformance agreement with the Advisor and including our pro-rata share from unconsolidated joint ventures, is an appropriate measure of our ability to incur and service debt. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities, as a measure of our liquidity or as an alternative to net income as an indicator of our operating activities. Other REITs may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently and our calculation should not be compared to that of other REITs.

NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure used by us to evaluate the operating performance of our real estate. NOI is equal to total revenues, excluding contingent purchase price consideration, less property operating and maintenance expense. NOI excludes all other items of expense and income included in the financial statements in calculating net income (loss). We believe NOI provides useful and relevant information because it reflects only those income and expense items that are incurred at the property level and presents such items on an unleveraged basis. We use NOI to assess and compare property level performance and to make decisions concerning the operations of the properties. Further, we believe NOI is useful to investors as a performance measure because, when compared across periods, NOI reflects the impact on operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating expenses and acquisition activity on an unleveraged basis, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income (loss). NOI excludes certain items included in calculating net income (loss) in order to provide results that are more closely related to a property's results of operations. For example, interest expense is not necessarily linked to the operating performance of a real estate asset. In addition, depreciation and amortization, because of historical cost accounting and useful life estimates, may distort operating performance at the property level. NOI presented by us may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define NOI differently. We believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, NOI should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) as presented in our consolidated financial statements. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of our liquidity or our ability to pay dividends.

Cash NOI, is a non-GAAP financial measure that is intended to reflect the performance of our properties. We define Cash NOI as NOI excluding amortization of above/below market lease intangibles and straight-line adjustments that are included in GAAP lease revenues. We believe that Cash NOI is a helpful measure that both investors and management can use to evaluate the current financial performance of our properties and it allows for comparison of our operating performance between periods and to other REITs. Cash NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income, as an indication of our financial performance, or to cash flows as a measure of liquidity or our ability to fund all needs. The method by which we calculate and present Cash NOI may not be directly comparable to the way other REITs present Cash NOI.

Cash Paid for Interest is calculated based on the interest expense less non-cash portion of interest expense and amortization of mortgage (discount) premium, net. Management believes that Cash Paid for Interest provides useful information to investors to assess our overall solvency and financial flexibility. Cash Paid for Interest should not be considered as an alternative to interest expense as determined in accordance with GAAP or any other GAAP financial measures and should only be considered together with and as a supplement to our financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

 

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SOURCE American Finance Trust, Inc.


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