THE NECESSITY RETAIL REIT ANNOUNCES FIRST QUARTER 2022 RESULTS

May 4, 2022

Company to Host Investor Conference Call at 11:00 AM ET Tomorrow

NEW YORK, May 4, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc. (Nasdaq: RTL) ("RTL" or the "Company"), a real estate investment trust focused on acquiring and managing a diversified portfolio of primarily service-oriented and traditional retail and distribution related commercial real estate properties in the U.S., announced today its financial and operating results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2022.

First Quarter 2022 and Subsequent Events Highlights              

  • Revenue grew 19.9% to $94.9 million from $79.2 million for the first quarter 2021
  • Net income attributable to common stockholders was $39.9 million as compared to net loss of $9.4 million for the first quarter 2021
  • Cash net operating income ("NOI") rose 16.7% to $73.6 million from $63.1 million for the first quarter 2021
  • Funds from Operations ("FFO") of $30.0 million, or $0.23 per diluted share increased from $22.6 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, for the first quarter 2021
  • Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO") increased 24.3% to $31.8 million from $25.5 million in the prior year first quarter
  • AFFO per share increased by 9.1% to $0.24 per share from $0.22 per share in the fourth quarter of 2021 and flat compared to $0.24 per diluted share in the prior year first quarter
  • Paid dividends of $26.7 million or $0.21 per share
  • Acquired 59 properties for $842.0 million at a cash capitalization rate1 of 7.3% and a weighted average capitalization rate2 8.6%
  • Disposed of six properties for $265.2 million, including an office property leased to Sanofi in New Jersey for $260.7 million
  • High quality portfolio with 54% of the single tenant portfolio, and 64% of top 20 tenants, investment grade rated or implied investment grade rated3
  • Occupancy at open-air assets grew to 87.6% from 86.8% at first quarter 2021 and Executed Occupancy and Leasing Pipeline4 at open-air shopping centers was 88.8% compared to 88.5% in first quarter 2021
  • Subsequent to quarter-end, closed on acquisition of 23 properties for $277.8 million, substantially completing the previously announced $1.3 billion shopping center acquisition
  • Multi-tenant acquisitions contributed $8.3 million of NOI in first quarter, expected to add over $113 million of annualized straight-line rent once all acquisitions are complete

"The momentum we carried into this year has continued to build as we completed the acquisition of the majority of a $1.3 billion open-air shopping center portfolio and the sale of the Sanofi office buildings that we had previously announced," said Michael Weil, CEO of RTL. "We have already started to experience year-over-year growth thus far in 2022 in our AFFO, net income and NOI, and quarter-over-quarter in our AFFO per share, despite these acquisitions not starting to close until mid-quarter. With over 90% of our straight-line rent coming from retail tenants, we are a well-positioned pure-play retail REIT poised to continue to benefit from strong trends in this sector as we work to add value for shareholders."

Financial Results               

   

Three Months Ended March 31,

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

2022

 

2021

Revenue from tenants

 

$                   94,943

 

$                    79,187

         

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

 

$                   39,934

 

$                     (9,411)

Net income (loss) per common share (a)

 

$                       0.31

 

$                       (0.09)

         

FFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$                   30,008

 

$                    22,571

FFO per common share (a)

 

$                       0.23

 

$                        0.21

         

AFFO attributable to common stockholders

 

$                   31,751

 

$                    25,540

AFFO per common share (a)

 

$                       0.24

 

$                        0.24

 

(a) 

All per share data based on 130,048,111 and 108,436,571 diluted weighted-average shares outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Real Estate Portfolio

The Company's portfolio consisted of 1,029 net lease properties located in 47 states and the District of Columbia and comprised 26.2 million rentable square feet as of March 31, 2022. Portfolio metrics include:

  • 91.4% leased, with 7.4 years remaining weighted-average lease term5
  • 64.4% of leases have weighted-average contractual rent increases of 1.0% based on annualized straight-line rent
  • 54% of single-tenant portfolio and 38% of multi-tenant anchor tenants annualized straight-line rent derived from investment grade or implied investment grade tenants
  • 90% retail properties, 9% distribution properties and 1% office properties (based on an annualized straight-line rent)
  • 63% of the retail portfolio focused on either service6 or experiential retail7 giving the Company strong alignment with "e-commerce resistant" real estate

Property Acquisitions

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company acquired 59 properties for an aggregate contract purchase price of $842.0 million at a cash capitalization rate of 7.3% and a weighted average capitalization rate 8.6%.

Property Dispositions

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company disposed of six properties, for an aggregate contract price of $265.2 million.

Capital Structure and Liquidity Resources

As of March 31, 2022 the Company had a total borrowing capacity under the credit facility of $550.8 million based on the value of the borrowing base under the credit facility, and, of this amount, $378.0 million was outstanding under the credit facility as of March 31, 2022 and $172.8 million remained available for future borrowings. Subsequent to quarter end, the Company borrowed additional funds under the credit facility to partially fund acquisitions. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had $82.1 million of cash and cash equivalents. The Company's net debt8 to gross asset value9 was 46.0%, with net debt of $2.3 billion.

The Company's percentage of fixed rate debt was 84.2% as of March 31, 2022. The Company's total combined debt had a weighted-average interest rate cost of 3.7%10, resulting in an interest coverage ratio of 2.9 times11.

Webcast and Conference Call

RTL will host a webcast and call on May 5, 2022 at 11:00 a.m. ET to discuss its financial and operating results. This webcast will be broadcast live over the Internet and can be accessed by all interested parties through the RTL website, www.necessityretailreit.com, in the "Investor Relations" section.

Dial-in instructions for the conference call and the replay are outlined below.

To listen to the live call, please go to RTL's "Investor Relations" section of the website at least 15 minutes prior to the start of the call to register and download any necessary audio software. For those who are not able to listen to the live broadcast, a replay will be available shortly after the call on the RTL website at www.necessityretailreit.com.

Live Call 
Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-877-407-0792 
International Dial-In: 1-201-689-8263

Conference Replay* 
Domestic Dial-In (Toll Free): 1-844-512-2921 
International Dial-In: 1-412-317-6671 
Conference Number: 13728724 
*Available from 2:00 p.m. ET on May 5, 2022 through August 5, 2022.

Footnotes/Definitions

1.   

Cash capitalization rate is a rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the expected, annualized cash rental income during the first year of ownership that the property will generate under its existing lease or leases. Cash capitalization rate is calculated by dividing this annualized cash rental income the property will generate (before debt service and depreciation and after fixed costs and variable costs) by the purchase price of the property, excluding acquisition costs. The weighted-average cash capitalization rate is based upon square feet.

2.   

Capitalization rate is a rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the expected, annualized straight-line rental income that the property will generate under its existing lease or leases. Capitalization rate is calculated by dividing the annualized straight-lined rental income the property will generate (before debt service and depreciation and after fixed costs and variable costs) by the purchase price of the property, excluding acquisition costs. The weighted-average capitalization rate is based upon square feet.

3.    

As used herein, investment grade includes both actual investment grade ratings of the tenant or guarantor, if available, or implied investment grade. Implied investment grade may include actual ratings of tenant parent, guarantor parent (regardless of whether or not the parent has guaranteed the tenant's obligation under the lease) or by using a proprietary Moody's analytical tool, which generates an implied rating by measuring a company's probability of default. The term "parent" for these purposes includes any entity, including any governmental entity, owning more than 50% of the voting stock in a tenant. Ratings information is as of March 31, 2022. Based on annualized straight-line rent as of March 31, 2022, single-tenant portfolio tenants are 41.0% actual investment grade rated and 12.9% implied investment grade rated, top 20 tenants are 55% actual investment-grade rated and 9% implied investment-grade rated and anchor tenants in the multi-tenant portfolio are 26.8% actual investment grade rated and 11.3% implied investment grade rated.

4.    

Includes (i) all leases fully executed by both parties as of March 31, 2022 (ii) all leases fully executed by April 30, 2022, but after March 31, 2022 and (iii) all leases under negotiation with an executed nonbinding letter of intent ("LOI") by both parties as of April 30, 2022. There were seven leases fully executed as of March 31, 2022 totaling approximately 78,000 square feet, four leases fully executed by April 30, 2022, but after March 31, 2022 totaling approximately 20,000 square feet and 12 LOIs totaling approximately 66,000 square feet.

 

For the first quarter of 2021, there were two executed leases where rent commenced over time between the third quarter of 2021 and the fourth quarter of 2021 totaling approximately 11,000 square feet and two LOIs totaling 21,000 square feet, net of one lease termination for 5,000 square feet after March 31, 2021.

 

There can be no assurance that LOIs will lead to definitive leases that will commence on their current terms, or at all. Leasing pipeline should not be considered an indication of future performance.

5.  

The weighted-average is based on annualized straight-line rent as of March 31, 2022.

6.  

Service retail is defined as single-tenant retail properties leased to tenants in the retail banking, restaurant, grocery, pharmacy, gas/convenience, healthcare, and auto services sectors.

7.  

 Experiential retail is defined as multi-tenant properties leased to tenants in the restaurant, discount retail, entertainment, salon/beauty, and grocery sectors, among others. The Company also refers to experiential retail as e-commerce defensive retail.

8.  

Total debt of $1.9 billion less cash and cash equivalents of $82.1 million as of March 31, 2022. Excludes the effect of deferred financing costs, net, mortgage premiums, net and includes the effect of cash and cash equivalents.

9.  

Defined as the carrying value of total assets plus accumulated depreciation and amortization as of March 31, 2022.

10. 

Weighted based on the outstanding principal balance of the debt.

11. 

The interest coverage ratio is calculated by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by cash paid for interest (interest expense less amortization of deferred financing costs, net, and amortization of mortgage premiums on borrowings, net) for the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

About The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.

The Necessity Retail REIT (Nasdaq: RTL) is the preeminent publicly traded real estate investment trust (REIT) focused "Where America Shops".  RTL acquires and manages a diversified portfolio of primarily necessity-based retail single tenant and open-air shopping center properties in the U.S. Additional information about RTL can be found on its website at www.necessityretailreit.com.

 Supplemental Schedules

The Company will file supplemental information packages with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") to provide additional disclosure and financial information. Once posted, the supplemental package can be found under the "Presentations" tab in the Investor Relations section of RTL's website at www.necessityretailreit.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

Important Notice

The statements in this press release that are not historical facts may be forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results or events to be materially different. The words "may," "will," "seeks," " "anticipates," "believes," "expects," "estimates," "projects," "plans," "intends," "should" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside of the Company's control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include (a) the potential adverse effects of (i) the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic, including actions taken to contain or treat COVID-19, and (ii) the geopolitical instability due to the ongoing military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, including related sanctions and other penalties imposed by the U.S. and European Union, and other countries, as well as other public and private actors and companies, on the Company, the Company's tenants,  and the global economy and financial markets, and (b) that any potential future acquisition is subject to market conditions and capital availability and may not be identified or completed on favorable terms, or at all, as well as those risks and uncertainties set forth in the Risk Factors section of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed on February 24, 2022 and all other filings with the SEC after that date as such risks, uncertainties and other important factors may be updated from time to time in the Company's subsequent reports. Forward looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results, unless required to do so by law.

Accounting Treatment of Rent Deferrals/Abatements  

The majority of the concessions granted to the Company's tenants as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic are rent deferrals or temporary rent abatements with the original lease term unchanged and collection of deferred rent deemed probable. The Company's revenue recognition policy requires that it must be probable that the Company will collect virtually all of the lease payments due and does not provide for partial reserves, or the ability to assume partial recovery. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") and SEC agreed that for leases where the total lease cash flows will remain substantially the same or less than those after the COVID-19 related effects, companies may choose to forgo the evaluation of the enforceable rights and obligations of the original lease contract as a practical expedient and account for rent concessions as if they were part of the enforceable rights and obligations of the parties under the existing lease contract. As a result, rental revenue used to calculate Net Income and National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT") Funds From Operations ("FFO") has not been, and the Company does not expect it to be, significantly impacted by these types of deferrals. In addition, since the Company currently believes that these deferral amounts are collectable, they have been excluded from the increase in straight-line rent for Adjusted FFO ("AFFO") purposes the amounts recognized under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") relating to these types of rent deferrals. Conversely, for abatements where contractual rent has been reduced, the reduction in revenue is reflected over the remaining lease term for accounting purposes but represents a permanent reduction in revenue and the Company has, accordingly, reduced its AFFO.

Contacts:  Investors and Media: 
Email: investorrelations@necessityretailreit.com 
Phone: (866) 902-0063

 

The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands. except share and per share data)

       
 

March 31,
2022

 

December 31,
2021

 

(Unaudited)

   

ASSETS

     

Real estate investments, at cost:

     

     Land

$              880,799

 

$              729,048

     Buildings, fixtures and improvements

3,307,831

 

2,729,719

     Acquired intangible lease assets

553,854

 

402,673

        Total real estate investments, at cost

4,742,484

 

3,861,440

        Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

(684,177)

 

(654,667)

          Total real estate investments, net

4,058,307

 

3,206,773

Cash and cash equivalents

82,106

 

214,853

Restricted cash

15,131

 

21,996

Deposits for real estate acquisitions

40,331

 

41,928

Deferred costs, net

20,599

 

25,587

Straight-line rent receivable

63,608

 

70,789

Operating lease right-of-use assets

18,070

 

18,194

Prepaid expenses and other assets

33,573

 

26,877

Assets held for sale

 

187,213

            Total assets

$           4,331,725

 

$           3,814,210

       

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

     

Mortgage notes payable, net

$           1,476,577

 

$           1,464,930

Credit facility

378,000

 

Senior notes, net

491,338

 

491,015

Below market lease liabilities, net

118,957

 

78,073

Accounts payable and accrued expenses (including $1,779 and $1,016 due to related parties as of
  March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively)

33,143

 

32,907

Operating lease liabilities

19,180

 

19,195

Derivative liabilities, at fair value

 

2,250

Deferred rent and other liabilities

7,223

 

9,524

Dividends payable

6,014

 

6,038

        Total liabilities

2,530,432

 

2,103,932

       

Mezzanine Equity:

     

Shares subject to repurchase

53,388

 

       

7.50% Series A cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation
  preference $25.00 per share, 12,796,000 shares authorized, 7,933,711 issued and outstanding
  as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

79

 

79

7.375% Series C cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, $0.01 par value, liquidation
  preference $25.00 per share, 11,536,000 shares authorized, 4,594,498 issued and outstanding
  as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

46

 

46

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 132,994,603(1) and
  123,783,060 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021,
  respectively

1,265

 

1,238

Additional paid-in capital

2,937,262

 

2,915,926

Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings

(1,204,337)

 

(1,217,435)

        Total stockholders' equity

1,734,315

 

1,699,854

Non-controlling interests

13,590

 

10,424

        Total equity

1,747,905

 

1,710,278

            Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and total equity

$           4,331,725

 

$           3,814,210

 

The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

   
 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

2022

 

2021

Revenue from tenants

$       94,943

 

$         79,187

       

Operating expenses:

     

   Asset management fees to related party

7,826

 

7,321

   Property operating expense

19,139

 

13,439

   Impairment of real estate investments

5,942

 

   Acquisition, transaction and other costs

279

 

42

   Equity-based compensation [1]

3,498

 

4,347

   General and administrative

6,833

 

6,449

   Depreciation and amortization

37,688

 

32,319

      Total operating expenses

81,205

 

63,917

          Operating income before gain on sale of real estate investments

13,738

 

15,270

Gain on sale of real estate investments

53,569

 

286

          Operating income

67,307

 

15,556

Other (expense) income:

     

   Interest expense

(23,740)

 

(19,334)

   Other income

18

 

24

   Gain on non-designated derivative

2,250

 

      Total other expense, net

(21,472)

 

(19,310)

Net income (loss)

45,835

 

(3,754)

Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests

(64)

 

6

Allocation for preferred stock

(5,837)

 

(5,663)

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

$       39,934

 

$          (9,411)

       

Basic and Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Share:

     

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders — Basic and Diluted     

$           0.31

 

$            (0.09)

Weighted-average shares outstanding — Basic

128,640,845

 

108,436,571

Weighted-average shares outstanding — Diluted

130,048,111

 

108,436,571

 

______

[1]

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, includes expense related to the Company's restricted common shares of $0.3 million and $1.4 million, respectively.

 

The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

     
   

Three Months Ended
March 31,

   

2022

 

2021

Adjusted EBITDA

       

   Net income (loss)

 

$        45,835

 

$          (3,754)

   Depreciation and amortization

 

37,688

 

32,319

   Interest expense

 

23,740

 

19,334

   Impairment of real estate investments

 

5,942

 

   Acquisition, transaction and other costs

 

279

 

42

   Equity-based compensation [1]

 

3,498

 

4,347

   Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(53,569)

 

(286)

   Other income

 

(18)

 

(24)

   Gain on non-designated derivatives

 

(2,250)

 

   Adjusted EBITDA

 

61,145

 

51,978

   Asset management fees to related party

 

7,826

 

7,321

   General and administrative

 

6,833

 

6,449

   NOI

 

75,804

 

65,748

   Amortization of market lease and other intangibles, net

 

(1,098)

 

(935)

   Straight-line rent

 

(1,114)

 

(1,727)

   Cash NOI

 

$        73,592

 

$         63,086

         

Cash Paid for Interest:

       

   Interest expense

 

$        23,740

 

$         19,334

   Amortization of deferred financing costs, net

 

(2,893)

 

(2,474)

   Amortization of mortgage premiums and (discounts) on borrowings, net

 

13

 

321

   Total cash paid for interest

 

$        20,860

 

$         17,181

 

______

[1] 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, includes expense related to the Company's restricted common shares of $0.3 million and $1.4 million, respectively.

 

The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

     
   

Three Months Ended
March 31,

   

2022

 

2021

Net loss attributable to common stockholders (in accordance with GAAP)

 

$        39,934

 

$     (9,411)

   Impairment of real estate investments

 

5,942

 

   Depreciation and amortization

 

37,688

 

32,319

   Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

(53,569)

 

(286)

   Proportionate share of adjustments for non-controlling interest to arrive at FFO

 

13

 

(51)

FFO attributable to common stockholders [1]

 

30,008

 

22,571

   Acquisition, transaction and other costs [2]

 

279

 

42

   Legal fees and expenses — COVID-19 lease disputes [3]

 

(8)

 

69

   Amortization of market lease and other intangibles, net

 

(1,098)

 

(935)

   Straight-line rent

 

(1,114)

 

(1,727)

   Straight-line rent (rent deferral agreements) [4]

 

(442)

 

(975)

   Amortization of mortgage (premiums) and discounts on borrowings, net

 

(13)

 

(321)

Gain on non-designated derivatives

 

(2,250)

 

   Equity-based compensation [5]

 

3,498

 

4,347

   Amortization of deferred financing costs, net

 

2,893

 

2,474

   Proportionate share of adjustments for non-controlling interest to arrive at AFFO

 

(2)

 

(5)

AFFO attributable to common stockholders [1]

 

$        31,751

 

$     25,540

 

______

[1] 

FFO and AFFO for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 include income from a lease termination fee of $4.5 million and $0.5 million, respectively, which is recorded in Revenue from tenants in the consolidated statements of operations. 

[2] 

Primarily includes prepayment costs incurred in connection with early debt extinguishment as well as litigation costs related to the Merger.

[3]

Reflects legal costs incurred related to disputes with tenants due to store closures or other challenges resulting from COVID-19. The tenants involved in these disputes had not recently defaulted on their rent and, prior to the second and third quarters of 2020, had recently exhibited a pattern of regular payment. Based on the tenants involved in these matters, their history of rent payments, and the impact of the pandemic on current economic conditions, the Company views these costs as COVID-19-related and separable from our ordinary general and administrative expenses related to tenant defaults. The Company engaged counsel in connection with these issues separate and distinct from counsel the Company typically engages for tenant defaults. The amount reflects what the Company believes to be only those incremental legal costs above what the Company typically incurs for tenant-related dispute issues. The Company may continue to incur these COVID-19 related legal costs in the future.

[4]

Represents amounts related to deferred rent pursuant to lease negotiations which qualify for FASB relief for which rent was deferred but not reduced. These amounts are included in the straight-line rent receivable on the Company's consolidated balance sheet but are considered to be earned revenue attributed to the current period for rent that was deferred for purposes of AFFO as they are expected to be collected. Accordingly, when the deferred amounts are collected, the amounts reduce AFFO. For rent abatements (including those qualified for FASB relief), where contractual rent has been reduced, the reduction in revenue is reflected over the remaining lease term for accounting purposes but represents a permanent reduction in revenue and the Company has, accordingly reduced its AFFO.

[5]

Includes expense related to the amortization of the Company's restricted common shares and LTIP Units related to its multi-year outperformance agreements for all periods presented.

 

The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.

Quarterly Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures (Unaudited)

(In thousands)

                     
   

Same Store

 

Acquisitions

 

Disposals

 

Non-
Property
Specific

 

Total

(In thousands)

 

Single-
Tenant

 

Multi-
Tenant

 

Single-
Tenant

 

Multi-
Tenant

 

Single-
Tenant

 

Multi-
Tenant

   

  Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (in accordance with GAAP)

 

$     4,959

 

$      6,715

 

$     1,997

 

$       926

 

$   53,779

 

$           —

 

$  (28,442)

 

$   39,934

  Asset management fees to related party

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,826

 

7,826

  Impairment of real estate investments

 

5,942

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,942

  Acquisition, transaction and other costs

 

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

219

 

279

  Equity-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,498

 

3,498

  General and administrative

 

56

 

275

 

 

 

5

 

 

6,497

 

6,833

  Depreciation and amortization

 

17,581

 

11,166

 

1,645

 

7,284

 

12

 

 

 

37,688

  Interest expense

 

16,908

 

 

 

81

 

 

 

6,751

 

23,740

  Gain on sale of real estate investments

 

 

 

 

 

(53,569)

 

 

 

(53,569)

  Other income

 

(17)

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(18)

  Gain on non-designated derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,250)

 

(2,250)

  Allocation for preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,837

 

5,837

  Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64

 

64

NOI

 

$   45,489

 

$     18,155

 

$     3,642

 

$    8,291

 

$        227

 

$           —

 

$          —

 

$   75,804

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release discusses the non-GAAP financial measures we use to evaluate our performance, including FFO, AFFO, Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"), Net Operating Income ("NOI") and Cash Net Operating Income ("Cash NOI"). While NOI is a property-level measure, AFFO is based on our total performance and therefore reflects the impact of other items not specifically associated with NOI such as, interest expense, general and administrative expenses and operating fees to related parties. Additionally, NOI as defined herein, does not reflect an adjustment for straight-line rent but AFFO does. A description of these non-GAAP measures and reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is net income, is provided below. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated to exclude the proportionate share of the non-controlling interest to arrive at FFO, AFFO and NOI attributable to stockholders.

Caution on Use of Non-GAAP Measures

FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA, NOI and Cash NOI should not be construed to be more relevant or accurate than the current GAAP methodology in calculating net income or in its applicability in evaluating our operating performance. The method utilized to evaluate the value and performance of real estate under GAAP should be construed as a more relevant measure of operational performance and considered more prominently than the non-GAAP measures.

Other REITs may not define FFO in accordance with the current NAREIT, an industry trade group, definition (as we do), or may interpret the current NAREIT definition differently than we do, or may calculate AFFO differently than we do. Consequently, our presentation of FFO and AFFO may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures presented by other REITs.

We consider FFO and AFFO useful indicators of our performance. Because FFO and AFFO calculations exclude such factors as depreciation and amortization of real estate assets and gains or losses from sales of operating real estate assets (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar conditions based on historical cost accounting and useful-life estimates), FFO and AFFO presentations facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between other REITs in our peer group.

As a result, we believe that the use of FFO and AFFO, together with the required GAAP presentations, provide a more complete understanding of our performance, including relative to our peers and a more informed and appropriate basis on which to make decisions involving operating, financing, and investing activities. However, FFO and AFFO are not indicative of cash available to fund ongoing cash needs, including the ability to pay cash dividends. Investors are cautioned that FFO and AFFO should only be used to assess the sustainability of our operating performance excluding these activities, as they exclude certain costs that have a negative effect on our operating performance during the periods in which these costs are incurred.

Funds from Operations and Adjusted Funds from Operations

Funds from Operations

Due to certain unique operating characteristics of real estate companies, as discussed below, the NAREIT, an industry trade group, has promulgated a performance measure known as FFO, which we believe to be an appropriate supplemental measure to reflect the operating performance of a REIT. FFO is not equivalent to net income or loss as determined under GAAP.

We calculate FFO, a non-GAAP measure, consistent with the standards established over time by the Board of Governors of NAREIT, as restated in a White Paper and approved by the Board of Governors of NAREIT effective in December 2018 (the "White Paper"). The White Paper defines FFO as net income or loss computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding depreciation and amortization related to real estate, gains and losses from sales of certain real estate assets, gain and losses from change in control and impairment write-downs of certain real estate assets and investments in entities when the impairment is directly attributable to decreases in the value of depreciable real estate held by the entity. Adjustments for consolidated partially-owned entities (including our Operating Partnership) and equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates are made to arrive at our proportionate share of FFO attributable to our stockholders. Our FFO calculation complies with NAREIT's definition.

The historical accounting convention used for real estate assets requires straight-line depreciation of buildings and improvements, and straight-line amortization of intangibles. We believe that, because real estate values historically rise and fall with market conditions, including inflation, interest rates, unemployment and consumer spending, presentations of operating results for a REIT using historical accounting for depreciation and certain other items may be less informative. Historical accounting for real estate involves the use of GAAP. Any other method of accounting for real estate such as the fair value method cannot be construed to be any more accurate or relevant than the comparable methodologies of real estate valuation found in GAAP. Nevertheless, we believe that the use of FFO, which excludes the impact of real estate related depreciation and amortization, among other things, provides a more complete understanding of our performance to investors and to management, and when compared year over year, reflects the impact on our operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating costs, general and administrative expenses, and interest costs, which may not be immediately apparent from net income.

Adjusted Funds from Operations

In calculating AFFO, we start with FFO, then we exclude certain income or expense items from AFFO that we consider to be more reflective of investing activities, such as non-cash income and expense items and the income and expense effects of other activities that are not a fundamental attribute of our day to day operating business plan, such as amounts related to litigation arising out of the Merger. These amounts include legal costs incurred as a result of the litigation, portions of which have been and may in the future be reimbursed under insurance policies maintained by us. Insurance reimbursements are deducted from AFFO in the period of reimbursement. We believe that excluding the litigation costs and subsequent insurance reimbursements related to litigation arising out of the Merger helps to provide a better understanding of the operating performance of our business. Other income and expense items also include early extinguishment of debt and unrealized gains and losses, which may not ultimately be realized, such as gains or losses on derivative instruments and gains and losses on investments. In addition, by excluding non-cash income and expense items such as amortization of above-market and below-market leases intangibles, amortization of deferred financing costs, straight-line rent, and share-based compensation related to restricted shares and the 2018 OPP from AFFO, we believe we provide useful information regarding those income and expense items which have a direct impact on our ongoing operating performance.

In calculating AFFO, we exclude certain expenses which under GAAP are characterized as operating expenses in determining operating net income (loss). All paid and accrued merger, acquisition and transaction related fees and certain other expenses negatively impact our operating performance during the period in which expenses are incurred or properties are acquired will also have negative effects on returns to investors but are not reflective of our on-going performance. In addition, legal fees and expense associated with COVID-19-related lease disputes involving certain tenants negatively impact our operating performance but are not reflective of our on-going performance. Further, under GAAP, certain contemplated non-cash fair value and other non-cash adjustments are considered operating non-cash adjustments to net income (loss). In addition, as discussed above, we view gains and losses from fair value adjustments as items which are unrealized and may not ultimately be realized and not reflective of ongoing operations and are therefore typically adjusted for when assessing operating performance. Excluding income and expense items detailed above from our calculation of AFFO provides information consistent with management's analysis of our operating performance. Additionally, fair value adjustments, which are based on the impact of current market fluctuations and underlying assessments of general market conditions but can also result from operational factors such as rental and occupancy rates, may not be directly related or attributable to our current operating performance. By excluding such changes that may reflect anticipated and unrealized gains or losses, we believe AFFO provides useful supplemental information. By providing AFFO, we believe we are presenting useful information that can be used, among other things, to assess performance without the impact of transactions or other items that are not related to our portfolio of properties. AFFO presented by us may not be comparable to AFFO reported by other REITs that define AFFO differently. Furthermore, we believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, AFFO should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) calculated in accordance with GAAP and presented in our consolidated financial statements. AFFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of our liquidity or ability to pay dividends.

Adjusted Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization, Net Operating Income and Cash Net Operating Income.

We believe that Adjusted EBITDA, which is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization adjusted for acquisition and transaction-related expenses, other non-cash items such as the vesting and conversion of the Class B Units, expense related to our multi-year outperformance agreement with the Advisor and including our pro-rata share from unconsolidated joint ventures, is an appropriate measure of our ability to incur and service debt. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities, as a measure of our liquidity or as an alternative to net income as an indicator of our operating activities. Other REITs may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently and our calculation should not be compared to that of other REITs.

NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure used by us to evaluate the operating performance of our real estate. NOI is equal to total revenues, excluding contingent purchase price consideration, less property operating and maintenance expense. NOI excludes all other items of expense and income included in the financial statements in calculating net income (loss). We believe NOI provides useful and relevant information because it reflects only those income and expense items that are incurred at the property level and presents such items on an unleveraged basis. We use NOI to assess and compare property level performance and to make decisions concerning the operations of the properties. Further, we believe NOI is useful to investors as a performance measure because, when compared across periods, NOI reflects the impact on operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating expenses and acquisition activity on an unleveraged basis, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income (loss). NOI excludes certain items included in calculating net income (loss) in order to provide results that are more closely related to a property's results of operations. For example, interest expense is not necessarily linked to the operating performance of a real estate asset. In addition, depreciation and amortization, because of historical cost accounting and useful life estimates, may distort operating performance at the property level. NOI presented by us may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define NOI differently. We believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of our operating results, NOI should be examined in conjunction with net income (loss) as presented in our consolidated financial statements. NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of our liquidity or our ability to pay dividends.

Cash NOI, is a non-GAAP financial measure that is intended to reflect the performance of our properties. We define Cash NOI as NOI excluding amortization of above/below market lease intangibles and straight-line adjustments that are included in GAAP lease revenues. We believe that Cash NOI is a helpful measure that both investors and management can use to evaluate the current financial performance of our properties and it allows for comparison of our operating performance between periods and to other REITs. Cash NOI should not be considered as an alternative to net income, as an indication of our financial performance, or to cash flows as a measure of liquidity or our ability to fund all needs. The method by which we calculate and present Cash NOI may not be directly comparable to the way other REITs present Cash NOI.

Cash Paid for Interest is calculated based on the interest expense less non-cash portion of interest expense and amortization of mortgage (discount) premium, net. Management believes that Cash Paid for Interest provides useful information to investors to assess our overall solvency and financial flexibility. Cash Paid for Interest should not be considered as an alternative to interest expense as determined in accordance with GAAP or any other GAAP financial measures and should only be considered together with and as a supplement to our financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

 

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SOURCE The Necessity Retail REIT, Inc.


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